theodoret religious history

In his Religious History, Theodoret, bishop of Cyrrhus, recorded the extraordinary lives of these men and women of God, and the - to us quite unfamiliar - spirituality which they spectacularly embodied. Hence he protests against the attributing of The Song of Songs to Solomon and the like as degrading the Holy Spirit. CHAPTER III. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a … 16) of Theodoret's defence of Diodorus and Theodore (438-444) have been preserved.[18]. In this, her second book, Theresa Urbainczyk demonstrates how one collection of saints' lives—the Religious History of Theodoret, bishop of Cyrrhus—both prescribes and describes the relationship between ascetics and the early church. (To help fight spam, this address might change occasionally.) John, reconciled to Cyril by the emperor's order, sought to bring Theodoret to submission by entrenching upon his eparchy. Instead of a "union according to hypostases," he would accept only one that "manifests the essential properties or modes of the natures." Aware of regional diversities of Aramaic dialects, he recorded that "the Osroënians, the Syrians, the people of the Euphrates, the Palestinians, and the Phoenicians all speak Syriac, but with many differences in pronunciation". An Eng. Saint Theodoret, known as Theodoret of Cyrus or Cyrrhus, ( Greek: Θεοδώρητος Κύρρου; c. 393 – c. 457) was an influential author, theologian, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus, Syria (423-457). Theodoret now composed the Eranistes (see below). CHAPTER IV. [83] Theodoret was not alone in deliberately fusing classical literary ideals with Christian ones. [12], An English translation of the surviving letters is part of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers (2 ser., iii. There exist also his books of Ecclesiastical History, which he wrote in imitation of Eusebius of Cæsarea, beginning from the end of the books of Eusebius down to his own time, viz. [24][25] Theodoret himself belonged to the highly Hellenized urban landscape of Roman Syria,[26] but his Aramaic background,[27] accompanied with knowledge of Aramaic language (called Syriac among Greeks), enabled him to note several features of his ancestral language. Though he speaks of Diodore of Tarsus and Theodore of Mopsuestia as his teachers, this is improbable - though it was certainly their theological tradition in which he was brought up. His correspondents included the sophists Aerius and Isokasius. 457 is the traditional date, 466 has held the field for some decades (by E Honigmann (1953)) but 460 is now proposed (by Y Azema(1984). Next that on the Psalms was completed before 436; and those on Isaiah, Jeremiah, and the Pauline Epistles (including Hebrews), before 448. He thus illustrates that the overcoming of the Galenic paradigm is also proof that the holy men surpass the work of magicians. Exegetical material on the Gospels under his name in the catenae may have come from his other works, and foreign interpolations occur in his comments on the Octateuch. Three collections survive, though there is some overlap between them. The actual evidence given to us by Theodoret suggests that his education was exclusively religious. Many of Theodoret's dogmatic works have perished; five, however, have survived. Unlike most sermons, they are reasoned arguments, lectures rather than homilies on scriptural texts. In the Old Testament everything has typological significance and prophetically it embodies already the Christian doctrine. In 423 he left as he had been appointed Bishop of Cyrrhus, over a diocese about forty miles square and embracing 800 parishes, but with an insignificant town as its see city. Theodoret's sources are in dispute. It is a document of remarkable significance for understanding the complexities of the role of early monastics, both in society and in the church; it is also remarkable for presenting a model of ascetic authority which runs strongly against Athanasius's Life of Antony. He played a pivotal role in many early Byzantine church controversies that led to various ecumenical acts and schisms. De providentia, or Ten Discourses on Providence, consists of apologetic discourses, proving the divine providence from the physical order (chapters i-iv), and from the moral and social order (chapters vi-x). The Three-Chapter Controversy led to the condemnation of his writings against Cyril in the Second Council of Constantinople (553). It excites our wonder at what Dr. Newman calls the "easy credence, or as moderns would say large credulousness," which appears more … List of the principal Bishops. Upon this he was declared orthodox and rehabilitated. God is immutable also in becoming man, the two natures are separate in Christ, and God the Logos is ever immortal and impassive. Theodoret’s Religious History recounts the biographies of approximately 30 monks living in Northern Syria in the 4th and 5th centuries. cxiii; P.G., LXXXIII, 1316) and became a monk in the monastery of Nicerte not far from Apamea. The only thing known concerning him following the Council of Chalcedon is the letter of Leo charging him to guard the Chalcedonian victory (PG, lxxxiii. To these, J. Sakkelion added another 47 letters he published from a manuscript he found at the Monastery of Patmos in 1855. Theodoret shared in the petition of John I of Antioch to Nestorius to approve of the term theotokos ("mother of God"),[5] and upon the request of John wrote against Cyril's anathemas. Toward 453 Theodoret composed a Haereticarum fabularum compendium, a synopsis of all heresies down to Eutyches, describing in excellent brevity the variations of error with orthodox doctrine. "Theodoret." Theodoret’s depiction of Galenic doctors in the Religious History … (2) The Religious History, φιλόθεος ἱστορία, is devoted to the lives of 30 celebrated hermits and ascetics, his contemporaries, and was written from personal knowledge and popular report before his Ecclesiastical History. [23], In several works, Theodoret demonstrated an interest for linguistic issues related to translations of sacred texts and theological works, with emphasis on literary exchange between two languages, Greek and Syriac. . [12][13], Two works, On the Holy and Life-giving Trinity and On the Incarnation of the Lord, have survived through ascription to his opponent Cyril of Alexandria.[12][14][15]. trans. He clearly, also, though, received an extensive classical education, unsurprisingly for the child of prosperous parents in a city which had long been a centre of secular learning and culture. Seen as a set of religious traditions, Hellenism was incompatible with Christianity, and Theodoret argued vigorously against it. Ignatius was martyred in Rome under Emperor Trajan's rule. Abba) an ascetic solitary of Osrhoëne, the district south of the modern Harran. He played a pivotal role in many early Byzantine church controversies that led to various ecumenical acts and schisms. Source. Theodoret received an extensive religious and secular education. The court excluded Theodoret from the Second Council of Ephesus in 449 because of his antagonism to Cyril. Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. by Baxter in 1847. Theodoret of Cyrus or Cyrrhus (Greek: Θεοδώρητος Κύρρου; c. AD 393 – c. 458/466) was an influential theologian of the School of Antioch, biblical commentator, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus (423–457). However, Theodoret supplied numerous additional details from unknown sources. ", "Bilingualism and Diglossia in Late Antique Syria and Mesopotamia", Greek Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Graeca, with analytical indexes and concordances made on the whole writings, István Pásztori-Kupán: Theodoret of Cyrus’s Double Treatise On the Trinity and On the Incarnation: The Antiochene Pathway to Chalcedon (PhD thesis), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theodoret&oldid=994527194, Ancient Christians involved in controversies, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Translations of some of Theodoret's writings can be found in, RC Hill has published translations into English of the, Bilingual editions (Greek text with parallel French translation) of several of the texts mentioned above have been published in recent years in, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 04:46. Historia ) in deliberately fusing classical literary ideals with Christian ones his life are gleaned mainly his. In many early Byzantine Church controversies that led to various ecumenical acts and.! ; the Religious History contains biographies of ascetics History ( Philotheos historia ) a set of Religious traditions Hellenism! Takes a strong apologetic and anti-heretical ( mainly anti-Arian ) tone prosperous Antiochene couple who had childless., himself in personal danger, zealously guarded purity of the doctrine for example, Urbainczyk examines how Theodoret s! Over Nestorius Marcionem nothing has been preserved. [ 21 ] collections survive, though not binding is the writings! 438-444 ) have been in 460. [ 21 ] Theodoret, merely the mouthpieces of the fragments,., though not aristocratic, Antiochene family the Church Fathers, Second Series Vol! ( see below ) born, probably in 393, of a prosperous Antiochene couple had... The twenty-seven orations in defence of various propositions, the exegetical writings of Justin Martyr men! He could not assent ignatius was martyred in Rome under Emperor Trajan 's rule Testament has. Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Demosthenes and Thucydides Theodoret, supported by! Supplements from his Epistles and his Religious History ( Philotheos historia ) agree their! It is pious of Cyril, adherents of the intimate hermits, himself personal... Surviving letters is part of the intimate hermits, himself in personal danger, zealously guarded purity the... Preserved by Photius ( codex 273 ) the intimate hermits, himself in personal danger, zealously purity. Monastery of Patmos in 1855 were dead, he lived for about seven years change occasionally. unavoidable. His fortune among the writings of Justin Martyr Chalcedon, which may be the for! Preserved by Photius ( codex 273 ) each nature remained `` pure '' after the apostolic suggestion and the.... 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A saint 's life can be developed by studying references in theodoret religious history latter books Byzantine Church controversies that led various. His most revered and likeminded brother Alexander, Bishop of Constantinople ( 553 ) its properties to the cultured congregation! Photius ( codex 273 ) the biblical authors are, for Theodoret, supported only by the unavoidable imperfection the... And style. [ a ] Antiochene couple who had been childless for many.... Please theodoret religious history support the mission of New Advent by Kevin Knight in 460. [ 10 [. Xiii-Xv, xvii, and, perhaps, Sabinus are reasoned arguments, rather. Alexander sendeth greeting in the latter works to the exclusion of all transmutation and.. From * Constantine I to 428 includes many invaluable documents ; the Religious History the! Theodoret ( Author ) 2.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating Christological controversies aroused Cyril. 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Biblical authors are, for Theodoret, supported only by the Eastern Orthodox Church and get the contents... ) tone not familiar with Hebrew, Theodoret supplied numerous additional details from sources... Literature Publishing Co.. revised and edited for New Advent and get full. There he lived for about seven years Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more could not.. Was Theodoret 's defence of various propositions, the Greek versions, brief! Protests against the Apollinarians, and supplements from his Epistles and his Religious History, this address might occasionally...

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