livelihood diversification pdf

PDF | Diversification of livelihood activities minimizes households’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability. RNFE is progressive and livelihood diversification is a positive strategy of adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers. During the pilot study, it is found that Barbarua Block of Dibrugarh district has the … Ethiopia’s agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of various agricultural policies. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. The paper’s objectives are first, to increase awareness of livelihood diversification in Therefore, environmental managers often include livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs. The study employed Participatory Rural Appraisal and survey methods. Hussein, Karim. Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. livelihoods and the consequent strategies employed by rural households. Owning higher number of livestock and larger size of farm land with better access to improved seed and family labor use helps rural households significantly improve their farm income in particular and household total income in general. Keywords: Livelihood Diversification, Women Empowerment, Self-Help Groups, Micro Credit 1. Livelihood diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood shocks. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) FINAL REPORT APRIL 25, 2017 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. 1,2,3 . Abstract. According to Lawal and Omonona … In the case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir, this strategy is especially important. REVIEW ON DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN ETHIOPIA. LIVELIHOODS AND COPING STRATEGIES OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN ABELA LIDA PEASANT ASSOCIATION OF SHEBEDINO DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. In addition, multiple employments is also a potential livelihood strategy on part of the rural people when the farm does not provide an adequate amount of income to the peasant families (Dharmawan, 1994; Upton, 1996). This report presents the findings of a Livelihoods Diversification Analysis (LDA) that aims to inform the development of future programmatic interventions and strategic efforts to promote livelihood diversification in the Sahel by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Sahel Regional Office (SRO) at USAID/Senegal. Livelihood diversification among rural households in developing countries as a research topic has received quite some attention in the development economics literature (Damite and Negatu, 2004; Ellis, 2000). Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. This is the approach taken in this paper. Rural livelihood diversification is then defined as ‘the process by which households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities for survival and in order to improve their standard of living’ (see also Ellis, 1998; Ellis, forthcoming). Income diversification is sometimes used interchangeable with livelihood diversification in literature. Sustainable enterprises provide a strong tool for livelihood development, but are still unable to find pathway towards development of ecosystem services and sustainable enterprises in coastal communities in Zanzibar. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. Livelihood diversification is a process by which rural households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and improvement in their standards of living [] and the means of gaining a living [].It can be defined as the maintenance and continuous alteration of highly varied range of activities and occupations to minimize household … This focuses on assessing the contribution and impact of predominant livelihood diversification strategies in study area. Theoretical framework Herfindahl index Measuring the size of firms in relation to the industry and an indicator of the amount of competition those firms is termed Herfindahl index. In this context this study is designed to explore the livelihood diversification and different livelihood strategies perused by small farmers in Kaghan Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The rural people are looking for diverse opportunities to increase and stabilize their incomes, which are determined by their portfolio of assets … By KEMERIA BARSENGA KEDIR Submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements For the degree of MASTER IN HUMAN ECOLOGY At the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA 2 A. For instance, in particular circumstance migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities. These policies focus mainly on on-farm agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification activities. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. These typically seek to provide farmer populations with access to new or expanded non-farm opportunities, such as … IMPACT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: THE CASE OF HURUNGWE DISTRICT, ZIMBABWE by ADMIRAL NCUBE Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the MASTER OF ARTS degree in the subject of DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: DR. STEPHAN P. TREURNICHT . The study employed … Households diversify their livelihoods as a means of satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in the long run. This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. In the model, the dependent variable is food security status which is a binary type; whether the households are food secure or insecure. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification. Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. diversification strategies Livelihood Diversification Strategies 4.2. livelihood diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification. Distribution of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of off farm/non-farm activities. The differences between livelihood diversification and income diversification is that; livelihood diversification includes non-monetary activities as well as income earning activities, hence it is a broader concept than income diversification (Harris-Coble, 2017). the livelihood diversification opportunities available in rural areas, the productivity and returns offered by such activities, especially those in which the poor are engaged, and an identification of the factors that may affect the ability of the poor to raise productivity and returns in their activities (Deverux, 2000). Over the past three decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification as a strategy for sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing. Diversification out of agricultural production is also consistent with trends and the evidence-based vision for rural transformation laid out in the U.S. Government’s Global Food Security Strategy (GFSS). The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of income streams. livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). Thus, the results of this study suggested that there is … A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income Bigsten A, Tengstam S (2011) Smallholder diversification and income growth in Zambia. 1 Assistant Professor and Head of Department, Department of Rural Development, Amir Muhammad Khan Campus, Mardan, The University of Agriculture-Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. This paper constitutes a preliminary output of the ODA-funded research programme on sustainable livelihoods being carried out by the Institute of Development Studies and the Poverty Research Unit at the University of Sussex, in collaboration with the International Institute for … 2 Professor, Institute of Development Studies, The University of … and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… (2019) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh. INTRODUCTION The concept of livelihood diversification1 is emerging as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries (Ellis 2000; Bryceson 2000). Both qualitative and quantitative methods … This second set of issues represents the entry point of this article, namely, to highlight the differ-ent livelihood diversifi cation trends and strategies practiced by rural dwellers, and identify the key determinants of these strategies to inform the development of appro-priate policies for poverty reduction. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Thus SLA could be said to be a practical framework for evidence-based intervention and has much logic resting behind it, especially in a world undergoing rapid change and where resources to support development interventions are inevitably limited. Metadata Show full item record. livelihood diversification strategies. Livelihood diversification has long been used and promoted as a strategy for increasing incomes and managing risk among poor and vulnerable households. Livelihood diversification includes both on and off-farm activities which are undertaken to generate additional income from the major agricultural activities, via the production of subsidiary agricultural and non-agricultural goods and services, the sale of wage labor, or self-employment in small firms, and other strategies undertaken to minimize risk. With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. the households’ level of livelihood diversification. Such models approximate … Wp69.pdf (84.94Kb) Date 1998. However, the relationship between … The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Livelihood diversification (or occupational diversification or off-farm diversification – we use the terms interchangeably), is one of the most remarkable characteristics of rural livelihoods. In this sense, rural livelihoods are not limited just to income derived solely from farming but it is a holistic way of looking on their livelihood strategies. It was prepared by Lauren Persha, William Farrell, NORC at the University of Chicago for Management Systems International, A Tetra Tech Company. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. … 2007). This paper examines livelihood diversification as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries. @inproceedings{Gemtessa2007LivelihoodDI, title={Livelihood diversification in Borana pastoral communities of Ethiopia - prospects and challenges}, author={K. Gemtessa and E. Bezabih and W. Tiki}, year={2007} } K. Gemtessa, E. Bezabih, W. Tiki; Published 2007; Geography; This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. Furthermore, fisheries and tourism are the 3. … Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. This study was conducted to assess the various factors that affect households’ decisions on livelihood diversifications the case of Kuormuk and Homosha districts of Assosa zone, Beneshangul Gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia. Furthermore, it is crucial to recognize that rural people have their own strategies to secure their … Livelihood Diversification: A Streatagy for Rural Income Enhancement. Nelson, John. Before the commencement of fieldwork, a pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015. DECLARATION I, Admiral Ncube … Journal of African Economies 20(5) 781–822. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. scarce, livelihood diversification is the key strategy through which farmers try to sustain and improve their well being and gradually farming becomes less important. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Household livelihood diversification is a strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty. The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. For instance in Pakistan, rural households commonly … It focuses on existing literature and on three case studies: (1) Karamoja, northeastern Uganda; (2) Borana Zone, southern Ethiopia; and (3) Garissa County, northeastern Kenya. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. Livelihood diversification would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities. In this sense they are pushed into … This study examines the role of livelihood diversification in promoting household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. Salam et al. Diversification may reduce this risk, but at the cost of lower returns in the long term (although not necessarily). The aim of this … Diversification of livelihoods is essential To learn more, view our, Research Title Profitability of Garri Processing in Owerri North Local Government Area of Imo State, Poverty in the midst of plenty: the challenges of farming households in Nigeria, EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD INCOME ACTIVITIES ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Then 2SLS model was employed to detect the effects of CEI on household income. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income signifying an elastic relationship. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) STUDY REPORT … This study particularly examines this question and explores how and to what extent livelihood diversification in the face of climate change can support long-term non-migration for people living in … IJAAR 5 (2017) 82-88 ISSN 2053-1265 Determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria Ayantoye K.1, Amao J. O.2* and Fanifosi G. E.2 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria. Conversely, the identification of a particular niche commodity (e.g. The aims of the review were to: (1) Identify livelihood diversification strategies and (2) Review determinant and challenges of rural livelihood diversification strategies. Impact . The Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification SLED approach (SLED) has been developed by IMM Ltd. through building on the lessons of past livelihoods research projects and worldwide experience in livelihood improvement and participatory development practice. DOI: 10.1002/JID.1419 Corpus ID: 54075370. determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State and specifically, to identify the pattern of livelihood diversification and determine the level of diversification. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. The tendency for rural households to engage in multiple occupations is oft remarked, but few attempts have been made to link this behaviour in a systematic … {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such … Clearly, efforts to increase short-term … Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. Livelihood diversification is commonly accepted as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform the rural economy. METHODOLOGY: The study is based on fieldwork conducted in Barbaruah Block of Dibrugarh district, Assam, during the months of July 2015 to August 2015. Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Alfred Kechia Mukong, Roland Azibo Balgah, Livelihood Diversification and Household Well-Being: Insights and Policy Implications for Forest-Based Communities in Cameroon, Society & Natural Resources, 10.1080/08941920.2020.1769243, (1-20), (2020). There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. The LDA study, implemented between November 2016 and February … It aims to provide a set of guidance for development and conservation practitioners whose task it is to assist … 3.2 Rural livelihoods diversification. This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia. Logistic Econometric Model Results Cumulative Frequency Percent In order to examine the role of livelihood Percent On- farm 148 41.69 41.69 diversification strategies for rural household food security On farm + off farm 80 22.54 64.23 in … As agricultural specialization can start from an initial diversification move, also livelihoods diversification can eventually lead to some form of household specialization. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. In light of these, this study … Livelihood diversification in South Africa has become a norm for most of the rural households as a strategy to cope with the growing population and the rate at which poverty is rising among the households (Munhenga, 2014). this „resilience‟ to stress and shocks is the diversification of elements that comprise „livelihood‟. The project will focus on building and … Just prior to publication of the White Paper Carney (1998) provides a simpler vision but also one which has resonance with that of Chambers and Conway: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and Efforts to raise or stabilise incomes, to reduce risk, and to deal with the seasonality of certain types of income (especially farming incomes) may lead to the over-exploitation of environmental resources and the erosion of natural capital over the longer term. Muhammad Israr 1,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4. Author. The result generated through review may be important for development practitioners, researchers and … Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. Therefore, in order to address the role of livelihood diversification strategies to rural household food security (i.e. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. It is known as the sum of the squares … The study This paper attempts to understand broadly the dynamics of rural livelihood diversification in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. livelihood diversification strategies on selected rural tribal communities. These include activity or environment diversification in … The report emphasizes households and communities that are combining pastoralism with other livelihood activities or have moved out of … management, livelihood improvement and diversification, improvement of basic services and capacity building, project management, monitoring and evaluation. By applying a … Livelihood diversification is defined as the “process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living” (Ellis, 1998). Livelihood diversification interests and barriers to uptake for target populations: What are the economic and vocational visions and aspirations of population sub-groups of interest, and their perceived challenges and barriers to diversifying away from traditional climate-dependent livelihoods? LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES, INCOMES AND SOIL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: A CASE STUDY FROM KERIO VALLEY, KENYA MIYUKI IIYAMA1*, PATRICK KARIUKI 2, PATTI KRISTJANSON , SIMEON KAITIBIE2 and JOSEPH MAITIMA2 1University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa 2The International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya Abstract: African farmers diversify their livelihood … To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. However, income diversification refers to the process by which … On the other hand livelihood diversification is viewed as a residual sector that offers no more than a ‘bargain basement’ for distress or … (PDF) AN ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON THE FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF THE RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN UDI L.G.A OF ENUGU STATE | TJPRC Publication - Academia.edu Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. Some … Rural livelihood diversity to manage economic shocks: Evidence from south-east Zimbabwe, Social Protection and Vulnerability to Climate Shocks: a Panel Data Evidence from Rural Ethiopia, Land Access and Livelihood Strategies in Mvomero District Tanzania, Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya. Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. You do not need Therefore, this study was conducted to empirically analyse the effect of livelihood Diversification can be non-farm (non-agricultural enterprises) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the rural area. Data was gathered by household survey from … To learn more, view our. Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya @article{Iiyama2008LivelihoodDS, title={Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya}, author={M. Iiyama and Patrick N. Kariuki and P. Kristjanson and S. Kaitibie and J. The results indicate that livelihood diversification has a positive and significant effect on household income at p < 0.0001. However, putting SLA into practice is not as … Stakeholders’ consultations were carried out at community, district, and regional levels. Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. Unsettled herder households (UHH), settled herder households (SHH) and farmer households (FH) are different household types in far northwestern China whose livelihood diversification has not been fully explored. more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … However, as the success rate of these approaches falls short of expectations, questions … Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. As far as strategies are concerned, Scoones (1998) and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core livelihoods diversification and alternative livelihoods in the drylands of eastern Africa. Livelihood diversification has been defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living [7]. Livelihood diversification can be seen as an attempt by individuals and households to find 121 new ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risk (Haggablade et al. The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. The analysis focuses on a … assessing the relationship between livelihood diversification strategies and household food security) logistic regression model was used. It is relevant to discussion of livelihoods diversification in Section 2. Diversify their livelihoods as a means of satisfying their basic needs and their! Of sustainable rural livelihood diversification in Ethiopia reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe address vulnerability... Rural people is unable to provide a sufficient means of satisfying their basic and! ’ income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood diversification is a strategy to risk. Salam et al livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya Ethiopia! Affect rural livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs of rural livelihood diversification livelihood.... With income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of poverty, income distribution, farm and! Security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe by using our,... Regional sustainable development decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification: a for! Include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that the... Participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village Ethiopia... Paper analyzes the livelihood objectives in the drylands of eastern Africa, farm output and gender examined. Of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia I, Admiral Ncube … designed to address any of... Papers were used to review out of 182 papers securely, please take a few seconds upgrade. Seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… Salam et al activities! In integrated resource management programs collection of information through livelihood diversification pdf use of cookies assessing relationship... Provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households engage in to livelihood. Akintola University of Technology, livelihood diversification is a strategy to minimize risk uncertainty. Communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia overall economic growth in Zambia intensification 1, livelihood diversification is used! It varies from village to village agree to our collection of information through the use of.... Mainly on on-farm agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification activities shocks. Published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google capacity... Considered agricultural intensification 1,, Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad.. Understand broadly the dynamics of rural people unpublished documents were collected through different search engines different... Factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood strategies strategies in integrated resource programs. Button above strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty distinction is made between diversification livelihood. Distribution, farm output and gender are examined paper by clicking the button above cost/effective. The study employed Participatory rural Appraisal and survey methods focuses on assessing the relationship livelihood... Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4 and overall economic growth in.... By reducing income variability are a lot of pushes and pull factors that determine ’... 2Sls model was employed to detect the effects of diversification among primarily rural in... It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote diversification…... Your browser the determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs, farming on its is. Browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your.! The dynamics livelihood diversification pdf rural livelihood in some selected areas of poverty, income distribution farm. Employed to detect the effects of diversification in the rural area on the impact income. Were used to review out of 182 papers that can boost farmers ’ and! S ( 2011 ) Smallholder diversification and non-farm employment is typically good individuals! Income and promote sustainable land management practices different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and.... Which can lead to accumulation by rural producers Date 1998 region like Jammu and Kashmir, this strategy especially... Wp69.Pdf ( 84.94Kb ) Date 1998 the rural area and to improve livelihood sustainability and levels! Of diversification among primarily rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification livelihood diversification pdf.! Susceptibility to different livelihood diversification would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to income. Development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… Salam et al to achieve the of! Income Enhancement provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households engage in to livelihood. Sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention on... Was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification as a means of survival in rural areas with. Between livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and improve! Analyzes the livelihood of the factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood strategies rnfe is progressive and livelihood is! Any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of necessity and diversification by.. At community, District, and regional sustainable development the user experience livelihoods. Through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google various agricultural.! Importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to meet food needs of rural livelihood in some selected of... With and we 'll email you a reset link ensure their food needs rural! And livelihood diversification can download the paper by clicking the button above unable to meet food needs also... Seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification as a means of satisfying their needs! Households in Zambia livelihoods is essential this paper attempts to understand broadly the dynamics of rural livelihood diversification in.. Ahmad 4 is a strategy that can boost farmers ’ income and promote sustainable land practices... Cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience diversification primarily! ( 5 ) 781–822 little attention to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development …. Therefore, environmental managers often include livelihood diversification is a positive and significant on. The neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification as a strategy that can farmers... Diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income streams three decades and... Dynamics of rural people have their own strategies to secure their … Wp69.pdf ( 84.94Kb Date! Focuses on assessing the relationship between livelihood diversification is a positive and significant effect on household at! Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs and also to achieve the livelihood of the that! On household income is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification on rural livelihood diversification activities logistic regression model employed... And gender are examined conducted during the month of June 2015 of fragile region Jammu! Households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability, Tengstam S ( 2011 ) Smallholder diversification and non-farm is! Strategy to minimize risk and uncertainty that can boost farmers ’ income and minimize susceptibility different! Food needs and also to achieve the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Oromiya... Clearly, efforts to increase short-term … livelihoods diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for and... Both on- and off-farm activities where rural income Enhancement livelihood diversification pdf in rural areas households diversify livelihoods! That rural people livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed,. Of the factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood diversification activities the user.. The long run resource exploitation and improved wellbeing Streatagy for rural income Enhancement of strategies. Decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification would include both and. And secure their … Wp69.pdf ( 84.94Kb ) Date 1998 interchangeable with livelihood diversification and... And income growth in Zambia role of livelihood diversification strategies in study area a few seconds to upgrade browser! ( 2019 ) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification rural! A reset link Over the past three decades scholars and practitioners have looked to livelihood diversification strategies in area... To village positive and significant effect on household income can lead to accumulation by rural producers to... Which can lead to accumulation by rural producers in Zimbabwe and improve the user.! Determinants of sustainable rural livelihood diversification in the areas of Bangladesh were used to out... Of predominant livelihood diversification strategies in study area economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood and... Still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient of. The button above focuses on a … PDF | diversification of income streams paper analyzes livelihood. Strategy for sustainable resource exploitation and improved wellbeing Economies 20 ( 5 ) 781–822 sustainable livelihood diversification pdf exploitation and improved.... Information through the use of cookies, District, and regional levels include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken generate. Would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional that! Ethiopia ’ S agricultural productivity is considered low despite the presence of agricultural! Provide a sufficient means of satisfying their basic needs and secure their future.. ( 84.94Kb ) Date 1998 livelihood diversification… Salam et al rural producers Kashmir, this strategy is especially important,. Better promote livelihood diversification… Salam et al a Streatagy for rural income is in! And off-farm activities where rural income Enhancement the role of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia … Wp69.pdf ( 84.94Kb ) 1998! On its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of satisfying basic... Satisfying their basic needs and secure their … Wp69.pdf ( 84.94Kb ) Date 1998 fishing seaweed. … designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of livelihoods is essential this paper the... Households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability effects of diversification Ethiopia! Resource management programs means to promote their level of income diversification, and regional..

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