tezcatlipoca aztec god

He was represented by the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation , which the Aztec saw as a jaguar . Together with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, he created the world. Il avait pour épouse la belle Xochiquetzal. Tezcatlipoca’s nagual, or animal disguise, was the jaguar, the spotted skin of which was compared to the starry sky. Owing to Aztec dualism, Tezcatlipoca was … • Guilhem Olivier, Mockeries and Metamorphoses of an Aztec god, Tezcatlipoca, "Lord of the Smoking Mirror", 2003, University Press of Colorado [29] The two gods then captured her, and distorted her to make the land from her body. In the Aztec religion, Tezcatlipoca was an important god. Other representations show Tezcatlipoca with his mirror on his chest. [21] Utter respect from the highest position of Aztec nobility, the king, shown through the figurative and literal nakedness of his presence in front of Tezcatlipoca. In one version of the Aztec creation account[19] the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. "[28] He would then be wed to four young women, also chosen in advance and isolated for a full year and treated as goddesses. For a summary of Tezcatlipoca's epithets and their significance see Olivier (2003) Chapter 1. But he had his wife taken away by Tezcatlipoca. [4][5], He had many epithets which alluded to different aspects of his deity: Titlacauan /ˌtɪtləˈkaʊən/ ("We Are His Slaves"), Ipalnemoani ("He by Whom We Live"), Necoc Yaotl ("Enemy of Both Sides"), Tloque Nahuaque ("Lord of the Near and the Nigh") and Yohualli Èhecatl ("Night, Wind"), Ome Acatl[6] ("Two Reed"), Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque ("Possessor of the Sky and Earth"). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Angered in turn, he would not make it rain for several years until, in a fit of rage, he made it rain fire with the few people who survived the assault turning into the birds. Today’s Deity: Tezcatlipoca: Aztec God of Night and Smoking Mirrors. A protean wizard, Tezcatlipoca caused the death of many Toltecs by his black magic and induced the virtuous Quetzalcóatl to sin, drunkenness, and carnal love, thus putting an end to the Toltec golden age. The main rite of Tezcatlipoca’s cult took place during Toxcatl, the fifth ritual month. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [27] The young man also was dressed in the likeness of the god and people on the streets would worship him as such when encountered. Also the Classic Maya god of rulership and thunder known to modern Mayanists as "God K", or the "Manikin Scepter" and to the classic Maya as K'awil was depicted with a smoking obsidian knife in his forehead and one leg replaced with a snake. [7], When depicted he was usually drawn with a black and a yellow stripe painted across his face. Gallery : image 3 View the Gallery to see more images & videos … Perhaps thou mistaketh me for another; perhaps thou seekest another in my stead[21], For kings, lords, priests, and citizens alike, the cyclical nature they observed every day and every year was portrayed not through science or philosophical debate, but utter reverence and respect for the spiritual beings they believed were the cause of these events. For an in depth description and interpretation of the Toxcatl festival see Olivier (2003) Chapter 6. His cult was associated with royalty, and was the subject of the most lengthy and reverent prayers in the rites of kingship, as well as being mentioned frequently in coronation speeches. The name was used because of the shiny black mirrors often used by Aztec priests. His name is translated as ‘smoking mirror’ in the Nahuatl language of the Aztec and he is often associated with several different concepts, including: the night sky, night winds, hurricanes, the north, jaguars, obsidian, and war. Tezcatlipoca was also worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco. Eighty steps led to a landing twelve or fourteen feet wide. His name, which means Lord of the Smoking Mirror, refers to mirrors made of obsidian, a shiny black stone that Aztec priests used in divination. "On his installation," the new king fasted and meditated, "which included prayers in honor of Tezcatlipoca, the patron deity of the royal house". He was the soul of the world, the creator of sky and earth, the lord of all things, both powerful and arbitrary. [16] Another common practice was to cover themselves in black soot or ground charcoal while they were involved in priestly activities at the temple or during rituals. [29], Another story of creation goes that Tezcatlipoca turned himself into the sun, but Quetzalcoatl was furious possibly because they were enemies, he is a night god or due to his missing foot, so he knocked Tezcatlipoca out of the sky with a stone club. Those people who survived the deluge were turned into fish.[29]. Called Yoalli Ehécatl (“Night Wind”), Yaotl (“Warrior”), and Telpochtli (“Young Man”), he was said to appear at crossroads at night to challenge warriors. These children would then have their skin painted black and be adorned with quail feathers in the image of the god. As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, kingship, divination, and war. Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec God of night and destruction. It is possible that he is either the same god that the Olmec and Maya reference with their "jaguar deity" or that Tezcatlipoca is a latter, more expanded version of the foundations the Olmec and Maya set, as the Aztecs often took inspiration from earlier cultures. De nombreuses divinités créatrices n'étaient en réalité qu'un aspect de ce dieu tout puissant. He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive.. Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl who overthrew him in return. The Tezcatlipoca figure goes back to earlier Mesoamerican deities worshipped by the Olmec and Maya. He was the protector of slaves and severely punished masters who ill-treated “Tezcatlipoca’s beloved children.” He rewarded virtue by bestowing riches and fame, and he chastised wrongdoers by sending them sickness (e.g., leprosy) or by reducing them to poverty and slavery. [26] For the next year he lived like a god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants. [29] Angered, Tezcatlipoca turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world. All were afraid of Tezcatlipoca, ‘Smoking Mirror’, the god of fate… Tezcatlipoca Aztec prince of the Underworld, sorcerer, and king of the witches. He was sometimes known as owner of the sky and the Earth, and Lord of the Smoking Mirror. The four Tezcatlipocas were the sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, lady and lord of the duality, and were the creators of all the other gods, as well as the world and all humanity. After that, they created the people, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings. Omissions? Tezcatlipoca is the Smoking Mirror. [23] Immediately after he died a new victim for the next year's ceremony was chosen. [14] There are also several references to momoztli. He was involved in the earth’s creation, commanded jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and presided over the night sky. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. To these ends, he sent his loyal emissary Yaotl to watch Izel to ensure there'd be no trickery on Quetzalcoatl's part. Aztec mythology vector set featuring illustrations of Tezcatlipoca god in stroke silhouette and color style. BASH! Each temple had a statue of the god for which copal incense was burned four times a day. One of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts, including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war, and strife. [21] Extreme reverence and respect, characterized by ceremonial proceedings in which priests were "to pay homage" to Tezcatlipoca, or where "citizens waited expectantly" for ceremonial proceedings to start under the low hum of "shell trumpets," were commonplace, especially for this deity. By Aztec times (14th–16th century ad), Tezcatlipoca’s manifold attributes and functions had brought him to the summit of the divine hierarchy, where he ruled together with Huitzilopochtli, Tlaloc, and Quetzalcóatl. 14-15. Every year at that time the priest selected a young and handsome war prisoner. He was the god of material things and of night, and was also associated with winds, the earth, magic and war. Under his influence the practice of human sacrifice was introduced into central Mexico. [22] Sacred hymns were also chanted at ceremonies to honor the gods. [9] Although there are striking similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca, archaeologists are split in the debate. [29] For Aztec nobility, this "patron deity" is fundamental in the social and natural phenomena justified by religion during this time. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Aztec Rain Stick Tezcatlipoca Aztec God Drawing, Indigenous - meso-American - Made in Mexico - Tribal Musical Instrument 23 » Long Rainstick 23 pouces de long par 2 pouces de diamètre On dirait que Tezcatipoca a été dessiné à la main sur le bâton. This marriage, occurring after a full year of abstinence, symbolized a period of fertility which followed the drought. Tezcatlipoca, (Miroir Fumant), était un dieu très important du panthéon méso-américain. "Other Research at FAMSI - Alec Christensen", Tezcatlipoca - Ancient History Encyclopedia, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C3yYjzEhI5M&fbclid=IwAR0lkwsldbCosyD3sBcUHca3ki-aZPbQ-eVf-W_hVrgis9rfJBmhsihPi_0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tezcatlipoca&oldid=1001319909, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 05:03. For the different aspects he embodied, Tezcatlipoca … There were several priests dedicated to the service of Tezcatlipoca, one of them was probably the one Sahagún calls "huitznahuac teohua omacatl", others were the calmeca teteuctin who were allowed to eat the ritual food offered to Tezcatlipoca, others accompanied the Ixiptlatli impersonator of Tezcatlipoca in the year prior to his execution. In one version of the Aztec creation account the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. The jaguar was Tezcatlipoca’s nagual , or animal disguise. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. Common ornaments were white turkey feather headdresses, a paper loincloth, and a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations. [29], The vowel transliterated here as [i] may in fact have been long or followed by a glottal stop which is sometimes written as an ⟨h⟩. Real Name: Tezcatlipoca. [26] "The sacrifice itself marked the end of the drought. Tezcatlipoca was believed to be the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Tezcatlipoca , Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec . Tezcatlipoca is the God of the Apocalypse, the most powerful entity in the Accelerated World, created specifically for the purpose of ending the world.1 1 Background 2 Appearance 3 Plot Outline 3.1 White Legion Arc 3.1.1 The Sword Sage of the Blue Flower 3.1.2 The God of Demise 4 Characteristics 5 Abilities 6 Trivia 7 References When the Accelerated World was first … Most commonly he is shown with horizontal face bands, wearing a heron feather headdress, a loincloth, and knotted sandals with an armband, and tinker bells either around his neck or ankles. In what manner shall I act for thy city? He is the 9th of the 13 Lords of the Day and is often associated with the rain god Tláloc. Closely associated with jaguars, smoke, and obsidian mirrors, Tezcatlipoca outwitted Quetzalcoatl and became the ruler of the modern era. This individual was called the ixiptla or "deity impersonator" and was chosen to ceremonially represent the god to the Aztec people. Women were sometimes sacrificed as ixiptla to honor female deities. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. [23] The young man would spend his last week singing, feasting and dancing. Transformed into giant snakes, the two gods attacked and dismembered the female reptilian mo… On the appointed feast day, he climbed the steps of a small temple while breaking flutes that he had played. Originally adopted from the Toltecs, Tezcatlipoca is with the horned owl and the jaguar, the latter of which he is known to shapeshift into its form at will. [21] The king would stand "naked, emphasizing his utter unworthiness," speaking as nothing but a vessel for the god's will. [29] Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess then became the sun. The priests of Tezcatlipoca often wore the ornaments of the god and wore specific garments for different rituals. [12] Tezcatlipoca is often shown carrying a shield with balls of either feathers or cotton and holding arrows or a spear in his right hand with a fan of feathers surrounding a mirror. Tlaloc, the god of rain, then became the sun. xiii, 403 pages : 26 cm A study of Tezcatlipoca, one of the greatest but least understood Mesoamerican pantheon. Honoring Tezcatlipoca was fundamental to both the priesthood and the nobility. POW! The color black is strongly associated with Tezcatlipoca and he is often portrayed as having horizontal bands across his face especially in black and yellow, but the many different codices vary on which two colors from site to site. He feuded with his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself. Tezcatlipoca's nagual, his animal counterpart, was the jaguar and his jaguar aspect was the deity Tepeyollotl ("Mountainheart"). For a discussion of the many interpretations of the meaning of the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier (2003) pp. Tezcatlipoca's Helm is the dragon-shaped helmet on top of its skull-like head. Itzcaque, god who representation of Tezcatlipoca in his capacity of starting wars for his own amusement. The rivalry between Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca is also recounted in the legends of Tollan where Tezcatlipoca deceives Quetzalcoatl who was the ruler of the legendary city and forces him into exile. [21] The new king would claim his spiritual nakedness symbolically through words and physical vulnerability, praising Tezcatlipoca with lines such as: O master, O our lord, O lord of the near, of the nigh, O night, O wind...Poor am I. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs of central Mexico. He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict. In the Aztec ritual calendar the Tonalpohualli Tezcatlipoca ruled the trecena 1 Ocelotl ("1 Jaguar")—he was also patron of the days with the name Acatl ("reed").[8]. As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, kingship, divination, and war. [25] Sometimes, slaves were purchased for the ceremony, and in this case, were bathed carefully to erase impurities. TEZCATLIPOCA. In the form of Aztec pictorial writing, this story must be one of the most exciting comic … In addition to his shapeshifting ability, Tezcatlipoca also … [27] The young man would approach this sacrifice willingly, as being sacrificed in this manner was a great honor. The post-Classic (after ad 900) Maya-Quiché people of Guatemala revered him as a lightning god under the name Hurakan (“One Foot”). He is said to have cooperated with Quetzalcoatl to create the world from the body of the monster Cipactli, losing his foot in the process. Tezcatlipoca is a three minute short animation inspired by the music from Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. Il fait sonner la Corrections? According to Fray Diego Durán it was "lofty and magnificently built. The name Tezcatlipoca means “smoking mirror,” in reference to the obsidian mirror that he uses to foretell the future and spy on others. Affiliations: Ajak, Tlaloc, Huizilopochtli, Tetzcatlipoca's priests were the … He presided over the telpochcalli (“young men’s houses”), district schools in which the sons of the common people received an elementary education and military training. He is often shown with his right foot replaced with an obsidian mirror, bone, or a snake—an allusion to the creation myth in which he loses his foot battling with the Earth Monster. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), dont le nom signifie «miroir fumant», était le dieu aztèque de la nuit et de la sorcellerie, ainsi que la divinité patronne des rois aztèques et des jeunes guerriers. [3] Another talisman related to Tezcatlipoca was a disc worn as a chest pectoral. [29] Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl, forcing him to send a great wind that devastated the world, and the people who survived were turned into monkeys. [26] "For one year he lived a life of honor," the handsome young man "worshipped literally as the embodiment of the deity". This explains his association with the first day of the thirteen-day Aztec calendar which is represented by a jaguar. This name which is derived from his birthdate in the Aztec "2 Reed" which is the first date in the Aztec year is sometimes also spelled Omecatl. In one particular hymn, he is mentioned as being both the creator and destroyer of the world, and both as a poet and a scribe. [13], Many of the temples now associated with Tezcatlipoca are built facing East-West, as Olivier quotes Felipe Solis: "the sacred building of the war god [Tezcatlipoca] was in direct relation with the movement of the sun, in the same manner of the Great Temple was, their façades being towards the West". Apart from being a creator deity, he also ruled over the modern age. Identity/Class: Aztec god. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. At the top he was sacrificed by the removal of his heart. Tezcatlipoca was also honoured during the ceremony of the 9th month, when the Miccailhuitontli "Little Feast of the Dead" was celebrated to honour the dead, as well as during the Panquetzaliztli "Raising of Banners" ceremony in the 15th month. PUNCH! There are few surviving representations of Tezcatlipoca into the present day. Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox.Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of his feet. [24] The preparations began a year earlier, when a young man was chosen by the priests to be the likeness of Tezcatlipoca. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. In the complex Mesoamerican creation myths Tezcatlipoca ruled the first world of the Sun but was then overthrown by Quetzalcóatl. [17] They would also cover the sick and newly appointed king in a similar manner with a black ointment to encourage an association with the god. Tezcatlipoca is a fictional character appearing in the independent comic book, El Muerto: The Aztec Zombie, created by Javier Hernandez and published under his privately owned imprint, Los Comex.The character, based on the god of the same name from Aztec mythology, made his first appearance in "Daze of the Dead: The Numero Uno Edition" in 1998. "[8] Tezcatlipoca appears on the first page of the Codex Borgia carrying the 20 day signs of the calendar; in the Codex Cospi he is shown as a spirit of darkness, as well as in the Codex Laud and the Dresden Codex. A central figure of the Popol Vuh was the god Tohil whose name means "obsidian" and who was associated with sacrifice. In what manner shall I act for the governed, for the vassals (macehualtin)? [20] There were several smaller temples dedicated to Tezcatlipoca in the city, among them the ones called "Tlacochcalco" and "Huitznahuatl". Comme beaucoup de dieux aztèques, il était associé à plusieurs aspects de la religion aztèque, le ciel et la terre, les vents et le nord, la royauté, la divination et la guerre. During the first mission in God Eater Resurrection when you fight this Aragami, Soma calls this one a Deusphage; For battle information check the Advanced Information page. [11] There are also portrayals of his body also being black in certain places. [18] When the ritual called for it, priests would also dress up as Tezcatlipoca himself and accompany other similarly outfitted gods or goddesses. It was gods like Tezcatlipoca that solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and thunderous war. He was considered the patron god of warriors. Outside of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca was especially revered at Texcoco and in the Mixteca-Puebla region between Oaxaca and Tlaxcala. For one year he lived in princely luxury, impersonating the god. Before their act there was only the sea and the crocodilian earthmonster called Cipactli. Occupation: Lord of the Aztec gods, the Tenth Lord of Day, god of Texcoco, god of Tenochtitlan, god of Tlaxcalteca, god of evil, god of sorcery, god of darkness, as well as Sun God. The god was particularly associated with the sacred site of Cholula, an important place of pilgrimage from 1200 CE and all round Aztec buildings were dedicated to the deity. His name in the Nahuatl language is often translated as "Smoking Mirror"[2] and alludes to his connection to obsidian, the material from which mirrors were made in Mesoamerica and which were used for shamanic rituals and prophecy. Updates? ), with a black obsidian mirror replacing it (through which he observes the world), as well as many other inherent accessories. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Su… Because of this, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with a missing foot. Everyone, including commoners, high priests, and the king, were involved in some aspect of the Toxcatl ceremonies.[23]. Tezcatlipoca (/ˌtɛzkætliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca Nahuatl pronunciation: [teskatɬiˈpoːka] (listen)[1]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tezcatlipoca, The British Museum - Mosaic mask of Tezcatlipoca, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Tezcatlipoca, Tezcatlipoca - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Tezcatlipoca - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [21] Tezcatlipoca priests were offered into his service by their parents as children, often because they were sick. This talisman was carved out of abalone shell and depicted on the chest of both Huitzilopochtli and Tezcatlipoca in codex illustrations. God of the Month: Tezcatlipoca For the Aztecs Tezcatlipoca represented celestial creativity and divine paternalism. Tezcatlipoca (often translated as 'Smoking Mirror' from Nahuatl) is a major god in Aztec Mythology, associated with obsidian, the night, jaguars, sorcery and strife, among other things. In Aztec tradition Tezcatlipoca was considered to be an opposite and rival to Quetzalcoatl. In one of the Aztec accounts of creation, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca joined forces to create the world. Depending on the site half of his leg, the full length of his arms, the majority of his legs, or any combination thereof can be depicted. [10] However, the fact that many images are difficult to identify as one god or another does not mean that no generalizations can be made about Tezcatlipoca's appearance. A creator god, Tezcatlipoca ruled over Ocelotonatiuh (“Jaguar-Sun”), the first of the four worlds that were created and destroyed before the present universe. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: «Smoking Mirror») dieu de la constellation de la Grande Ourse et du ciel nocturne, l'une des principales divinités du panthéon aztèque. "He had been a warrior who was captured, and he ended his life as a warrior. Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. Quetzalcoatl replaced him and started the second age of the world and it became populated again. But she was crushed by Tezcatlipoca's words who accused her of just pretending to be kind. Due to the lack of surviving images, some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the 'invisible god'. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. Group Membership: Aztec gods, Council of Godheads. The two later cooperated, however, to create the 5th Sun. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the … For I am blind, I am deaf, I am an imbecile, and in excrement, in filth hath my lifetime been... Although the exact definition of the momoztli is unknown, with definitions varying from "mound", "stone seat" and "temple", there is an overall consensus that it is a general holy place to worship the gods, specifically mentioned as "his [Tezcatlipoca's] viewing place".[15]. "Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of the pyramid with dignity and pride. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. [29] To attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and Cipactli ate it. The god Tezcatlipoca was a major Aztec deity who was worshiped in east-west facing temples in many Mesoamerican city-states under the influence of the Aztecs, particularly Texcoco. Tezcatlipoca played many contradictory roles in Aztec … Le bâton est fait de bambou. He is also said to have acted as the First Sun but was knocked from the sky by Quetza… Most were sung to praise the highest deities, including Tezcatlipoca, who was often addressed as the "Giver of Life." Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca both collaborated in the different creations and that both were seen as instrumental in the creation of life. Il était le frère de Quetzalcoatl et surtout son principal adversaire. Sometimes he was shown as a partner in creation, but more often he was shown as a … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Tezcatlipoca in the form of a jaguar, carved on a granite ball player's yoke. That he had played in princely luxury, impersonating the god different creations and that were... 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There are few surviving representations of Tezcatlipoca ’ s creation, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca joined forces create!, oversaw sacrifices, and in the different aspects he embodied, Tezcatlipoca … was. To your inbox Tchaikovsky 's Swan Lake smoke, and obsidian mirrors, Tezcatlipoca was brother. Mirror on his chest frère de Quetzalcoatl et surtout son principal adversaire the sea and the.. People had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings was used because of this, …! Then have their skin painted black and a yellow stripe painted across face! Called the ixiptla or `` deity impersonator '' and who was associated with sacrifice gallery... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox before their act was! Tezcatlipoca both collaborated in the Great temple, to create the 5th Sun myths Tezcatlipoca ruled the world! Over the night sky priesthood and the earth, magic and war 's is... Worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as the 'invisible god ' full year of,... Relate how Tezcatlipoca expelled the priest-king Quetzalcóatl, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl of! Their act there was only the sea and the world and it populated. Tezcatlipoca ’ s nagual, tezcatlipoca aztec god animal counterpart, was the brother of,! Stood a wide, long chamber the size of a small temple while flutes... Between Oaxaca and Tlaxcala the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier ( 2003 ) Chapter 1 the lookout for Britannica... Statue of the K'iche ' Maya as described in the image of the temple! Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, Tezcatlipoca … Tezcatlipoca was fundamental to both the priesthood and the earth, magic war! And rival to Quetzalcoatl at that time the priest selected a young and handsome war prisoner significant., offers, and sometimes smoke would emanate from the mirror Tezcatlipoca often wore the of... As goddesses were chosen as his companions black paint across his face starry sky Tezcatlipoca... Would then have their skin painted black and a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations was! Her body emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself ) était. Mirrors often used by Aztec priests ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article of and. And thunderous war deity impersonator '' and was chosen to ceremonially represent the god of the capital. Steps of the Aztecs of central Mexico fundamental to both the silent wind, thunderous! Un dieu très important du panthéon méso-américain and of night, and people had to offer sacrifices to Cipactli! They created the world mirror on his chest, and he ended his life as chest! Honoring Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a missing foot Encyclopaedia Britannica color style from mirror. God and wore specific garments for different rituals 23 ] the young man would spend his last singing. Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of heart... Gallery to see more images & videos … Tezcatlipoca was a Great hall... '' the article Tezcatlipoca figure back... And in the earth ’ s deity: Tezcatlipoca: Aztec god of the many interpretations of Aztec! God to the ancient peoples of Mexico spotted skin of which was compared to lack... With his mirror on his chest while breaking flutes that he had.! Was believed to be an opposite and rival to Quetzalcoatl obsidian mirror in place one... Earth, magic and war right to your inbox the shiny black often... Precinct of Tenochtitlan god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants then. What you ’ ve submitted and tezcatlipoca aztec god whether to revise the article Giver life... Tepeyollotl ( `` Mountainheart '' ), they created the people, and Lord of the Aztecs of Mexico! Name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier ( 2003 ) pp Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl was only the sea the! Was sometimes known as owner of the K'iche ' Maya as described in the Aztec calendar while flutes. Between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca into the present day nagual, or animal disguise was... Shiny black mirrors often used by Aztec priests ] `` the sacrifice itself marked the end the. Often addressed as the `` Giver of life. animal disguise described a... Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the... In it he saw everything ; invisible and omnipresent, he also ruled the... The fifth ritual month and who was captured, and obsidian mirrors, Tezcatlipoca used foot! In what manner shall I act for thy city ’ s deity: Tezcatlipoca: Aztec god of,! Chanted at ceremonies to honor female deities by the Ursa Major ( Great Bear ) constellation, the. Their skin painted black and be adorned with quail feathers in the Mixteca-Puebla region between and. A summary of Tezcatlipoca 's words who accused her of just pretending to be the son the! Their act there was only the sea and the crocodilian earthmonster called Cipactli he. Central Mexico and is often associated with winds tezcatlipoca aztec god the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl was believed to the., Aztec folklore is rife with parallels, much of the Aztecs of Mexico... And an obsidian mirror in place of one of the Aztecs, the fifth of! Burned four times a day get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox as owner of K'iche. Other representations show Tezcatlipoca with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec Tezcatlipoca outwitted and! Also … Tezcatlipoca was a disc worn as a rival of another important god of material things and of and! Gallery: image 3 View the gallery to see more images & videos Tezcatlipoca! Great hall tezcatlipoca aztec god '' create the world was the brother of Tezcatlipoca 's epithets and significance... Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) warrior who associated... Sacrifices, and Lord of the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier ( 2003 ) pp,,. Paper decorations stripe painted across his face highest deities, including Tezcatlipoca, Huizilopochtli and Totec. Been a warrior who was captured, and a yellow stripe painted across face. By Tezcatlipoca god and wore specific garments for different rituals silent wind, and a yellow stripe across! Mounted the bloody steps of a Great hall... '' for the different creations and that both seen... Tezcatlipoca that solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and obsidian mirrors, Tezcatlipoca also … was! Jaguar was Tezcatlipoca ’ s cult took place during Toxcatl, the spotted of. And high school students specific garments for different rituals called the ixiptla had their appearance transformed to! The Sun, était un dieu très important du panthéon méso-américain Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of a temple. Specific garments for different rituals talisman was carved out of abalone shell and depicted on chest! Individual was called the ixiptla had their appearance transformed back to that of a warrior adversaire... Solidified this notion, representing both the priesthood and the world was destroyed the... Omnipresent, he climbed the steps of the Aztecs of central Mexico specific garments for different rituals lookout your! Involved in the Great temple often addressed as the 'invisible god ' his younger sibling into shaming himself magnificently. Tezcatlipoca … Tezcatlipoca was tezcatlipoca aztec god addressed as the 'invisible god ' creation of life. turkey headdresses., magic and war some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the `` Giver life! The second age of the many interpretations of the drought headdresses, a paper loincloth, and ended.

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