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Clubroot, a fungal disease, is a common problem for cauliflower crops, and the plants are fairly susceptible to a number of foliage-eating insects, including cabbage loopers, cabbage whites, and aphids. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The (flower) head and the leaves. Add your answer and earn points. The plant can be cooked, pickled, or eaten raw, and there are numerous culinary applications for cauliflower ranging from curries to fake mashed potatoes. Farmers' markets and specialty produce stores may offer variegated cauliflower when it is available. It’s a sweet and spicy spin on cauliflower. Commercially, white cauliflower is the most common, though orange, purple, green, and brown cultivars also exist. 7 8 9 Answer Cauliflower How much is cauliflower buying it? However, the plant is also rich in vitamins C, K and B6, as well as being a rich source of potassium and fibre. You may also . Not an easy vegetable for cultivation. Cauliflower (as the name suggests) is actually the flower buds of the plant. spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors. If you’re planting cauliflower seeds directly into your garden, sow seeds half an inch deep, in rows that are three to six inches apart, about a month before the last Cauliflower is part of the cabbage family, but it has a nutty, sophisticated flavor that sets it apart from its broccoli and cabbage cousins. Test your knowledge with this quiz. Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. The outer layer of skin on the lower half of cauliflower stems are slightly tough, so they should be peeled before adding them to recipes. Mark Twain said that “cauliflower is nothing but cabbage with a college education” and I think he’s right. As a general rule, the head is white, but variants come in purple and green as well. It requires good soil and plenty of water especially when young. Corrections? Plant your seeds. Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. Cauliflower is part of the cabbage family. Technically, most of the cauliflower plant is edible, but most consumers prefer the head, which is formed from a mass of immature flower stalks. The plant is native to Asia and the Mediterranean. The plants produce cross-shaped yellow flowers and bear seeds in dry capsules known as siliques. https://www.britannica.com/plant/cauliflower, LiveScience - Cauliflower: Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts, Healthline - The Top 8 Health Benefits of Cauliflower, University of Illinois Extension - Cauliflower, cauliflower - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. However, the stem and especially leaves are edible too and are especially good for adding to soup stocks. How to Harvest Cauliflower. At a casual glance, it does resemble curds of milk, since it is lumpy and white. It is of Mediterranean origin, and tends to prefer cool, moist climates. botrytis. You can also plant it on your own, with cauliflower being part of the Brassica family, which is grown for its head, which is Broccoli plant leaves each have a strong central petiole or stalk that keeps them suspended in the air. It is descendent from a wild cabbage and after undergoing various Stem exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. The head of cauliflower is also sometimes called the white curd, or just the curd. As described in Chapter 3 , the 35 S promoter is not a … The amount of these components varies according to plant species, plant part used, environmental condition, and growth stage and it is very problematic when … It was cultivated to have a specific taste and flavor that was more palatable to people.. Dietary Saturated Fat & Cholesterol & Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: While many factors affect heart disease, diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of this disease. Cauliflower is a cool-weather crop and requires consistent temperatures of about 16 °C (60 °F) to produce heads. Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. Whether you’re sticking to lifestyle goals, or looking to go plant-powered, build your go-to order with Cilantro-Lime Cauliflower Rice for a real good, feel good option. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cauliflower is a cool-season crop and grows best in well-draining, organic soil at a pH value of 6.5 or above. Cauliflower is high in vitamins C and K and is frequently served as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads and relishes. Asked by Wiki User 2 answers A cauliflower is a flower. Answer: Cauliflower is a vegetable. Make a cut towards the base of the plant and remove the leaves ANSWER: Indeed, all parts of the cauliflower are edible, including the stems and leaves. It is an annual plant reproducing by seed. …an immature flower, such as cauliflower, broccoli, and artichoke; a seed, such as pea and lima bean; the immature fruit, such as eggplant, cucumber, and sweet corn (maize); or the mature fruit, such as tomato and…, broccoli, carrot, cauliflower, celery, muskmelon, pea, radish, summer squash, and sweet corn (maize); cabbage, lettuce, and spinach are suited to vacuum cooling; air cooling is preferred for bean, cucumber, eggplant,…, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, and radishes, as well as gardening plants such as sweet alyssum, wallflower, and rock cress. Which part of a plant is a cauliflower? If the climate is too cold, it will only produce small, partial heads. Cauliflower is part of the same plant family as broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage and kale. Cauliflower is technically frost tolerant, and can be grown in most USDA zones, but it is not frost hardy, and can be damaged. With some plants we eat more than one part. Omissions? Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. The colored varieties can add an interesting tone to dishes, when they can be obtained. The crisp green leaves and stalk are also edible, although they require cooking before they can be consumed. The name for cauliflower comes from the Latin caulis, which means “stalk,” and floris, for “flower.” Since the term “kale” is also related to caulis, the name could also be translated as kale flower or cabbage flower. Like other vegetables in this group, which is part of the mustard family, it has a zesty, slightly spicy texture in both raw and cooked form. More specifically, it’s a cluster of immature flower buds, known as a curd . I’m calling this recipe Plant-Based “Fried” Cauliflower. Many members of the Botrytis group have been grown throughout Europe for centuries. ANSWER: Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae. If you let it grow without harvesting it, you’ll eventually see its curd separate — much like a blooming flower. Cauliflower, as part of a low sodium diet, may reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Cauliflower and broccoli plants produce flowers we like to eat. All of these plants are actually variants of the same species, and cauliflower is formally known as Brassica oleracea var. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Updates? Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. Usually, we eat only the head. Subscribe to our newsletter and learn something new every day. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the right climate, cauliflower can be coaxed into yielding twice a year, providing a source of nutrition when other plants may not be maturing. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and The head of the cauliflower consists of a white Meristem inflorescence. A high amount of organic matter in the soil will help to maintain moisture. Cauliflower prefers a garden soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. Most stores carry the vegetable at various points in the year. She has her M.S.... Where is the line between fruit and vegetable really drawn? It was bred out of the wild cabbage plant, Brassica oleracea . Typically, it is ready about 2-3 months after you plant the seedlings. Short stem ends with a compact inflorescence in the form of a white head, yellow, purple. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Which part of plant is cabbage 1 See answer aryan6518 is waiting for your help. The name is a nod to the fact that the vegetable is an unusual plant in a family that is cultivated for edible greens, not flowers. As desired for food, the terminal cluster forms a firm, succulent “curd,” or head, that is an immature inflorescence (cluster of flowers). This is composed of many small clusters of flowers. Cauliflower is a delicious and versatile vegetable. Whichever portion of the plant a consumer intends to eat, the head should be firmly and evenly colored when purchased, and the leaves and stalks should be crisp, not wilted. The cauliflower head is composed of a Cauliflower nutritional information Much like broccoli, water makes up around 90% of cauliflower plants. Flowers of cauliflower are edible flowers. Learn similarities and differences between broccoli and cauliflower. All of these plants are actually variants of the same species, and cauliflower is formally known as Brassica oleracea var. The 35 S promoter of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) can be transcribed in many different plant tissues and organs. The top half of the stems, similar to broccoli, are actually quite tender and require no peeling. Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae. Some people prefer eating only the head, but both are perfectly edible and tasty. The broad leaves extend far above the curd and are often tied together before harvest to shade the curd and prevent discoloration. Broccoli and cauliflower belong to the same plant family, but you may wonder whether one is healthier than the other. We eat the cauliflower head. However, the plant is notoriously difficult to grow, with finicky temperature requirements, and some gardeners give up on getting it to grow at all, let alone yield twice. Broccoli is a human invention. Is broccoli or cauliflower man made? Make the most of this winter staple in soups, casseroles, and recipes that typically use flour. Although, people across the world are a bit Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the Cauliflower florets are the part of the plant that most people prefer to eat. Cauliflower is said to have originated in South West Asia or Turkey. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Cauliflower is a delicious vegetable a lot of people love having, thanks to its versatility in how to cook it. The pale yellowish white part and the stem part is also edible. Cauliflower is high in vitamins C and K and is frequently served as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads and relishes. Cauliflowers are annual plants that reach about 0.5 metre (1.5 feet) tall and bear large rounded leaves that resemble collards (Brassica oleracea, variety acephala). Plant-Based Fried Cauliflower is an oil-free vegan dish that mimics the taste and texture of fried food, without the frying part. Elongated oval leaves grow from a strong Annual plant has a deep root system and long leaves. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Harvest your cauliflower when it is white, firm and large. Brassicaceae have flowers with four sepals and petals, and the…. The plants grow best in moist nitrogen-rich soil and will produce only small heads if stressed with drought. Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, kale, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and similar green leaf vegetables. Name: Cauliflower Description: *The edible part of this plant is actually a cluster of flower buds. 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